In the decade I lived and worked in Afghanistan, from 2002 through 2011, I listened almost daily to people’s frustration at their government’s corrupt and demeaning behavior, and U.S. officials’ refusal to curb it.
“The Afghan government is your face,” Nurallah told me. He’s a former police officer who worked in the cooperative I founded in Kandahar. “If it’s pretty or ugly, it’s your face.”
In 2010, around when Nurallah made that comment, a U.S. Marine major named Jason Brezler was dealing with a corrupt Afghan National Police commander called Sarwar Jan in neighboring Helmand province. Brezler perfectly grasped Nurallah’s point. The abuse of power so prevalent among Afghan officials – which appeared to locals to be perpetrated with U.S. connivance – was a danger to his mission to defeat the Taliban.
Brezler got Sarwar Jan removed from power, or at least sent away from his privileged position on the U.S. base. Three years later, however, he heard Sarwar Jan was back in the Marine fold. Brezler, by then a Brooklyn firefighter and a reservist, dispatched a warning the moment he found out. It went unheeded. Seventeen days later, a boy Sarwar Jan had been using for sex shot four Marines, killing three.
Brezler should be honored by the for his foresight. Instead the Corps plans to discharge him because the file he emailed to substantiate his concerns, and had saved on his computer, was classified. A hearing is scheduled in U.S. District Court for Oct. 14.
Brezler, who immediately reported his violation of classification rules, has argued that he was trying to save lives. His lawyer, Mark Bowe, plans to draw a comparison to the treatment of Hillary Clinton, who also kept sensitive information on a private server.
I hope Brezler prevails. And not just in court. His way of thinking must be adopted as the U.S. considers how to partner with foreign forces in its continuing fight against extremists, including Islamic State.
“The police in many cases was a destabilizing force,” Brezler told NPR recently. They were “driving more folks into the arms of the Taliban.” Capt. Dan Quinn – a special operations officer disciplined for punching a similarly abusive Afghan police commander – put it this way to the New York Times: “We were putting people into power who would do things that were worse than the Taliban did.” It is little wonder the Taliban kept (and still keeps) gaining recruits. Or, in the case of Sarwar Jan, that a humiliated and physically violated teenager lashed out, turning a Kalashnikov on Marines who seemed to be protecting and enabling his tormentor.
Brezler was deployed during a brief period of maximum U.S. recognition that good governance was crucial to bringing peace to Afghanistan. A 2009 assessment of the war emphasized that Afghans’ “crisis in confidence” in their government threatened U.S. objectives, and that fostering “responsive and accountable government” should “be on a par with, and integral to, delivering security.” Among other measures, U.S. and U.K. officials supported two major anticorruption investigations.
But those efforts were halfhearted and short-lived. By 2011, Afghan government corruption was no longer a serious U.S. priority. The approach reasserted itself among U.S. officials that corruption was just part of Afghan culture and should be left alone – even when it extended to the grotesquely complicated combination of abuse and favoritism that characterized the practice in which adult, usually powerful, men keep prepubescent boys as servants and for sex. The New York Times has documented the difficulty some officers encountered in trying to challenge the laissez-faire approach.
The presumption about culture that underlies that approach is false. As Brezler told NPR, residents were “absolutely elated” when Sarwar Jan was sent away from the base in 2010. “We could probably have had a parade the next day through the bazaar,” he remembered. That same year, the commander of a provincial reconstruction team on the other side of the country enjoyed a similarly enthusiastic response – and a reduction in Taliban control in his province – when he stopped channeling development money to a corrupt governor. I never heard an Afghan dismiss corruption as if nobody minded.
Just because a behavior is common, in other words, doesn’t mean it’s accepted. (Would it be fair to deduce from the Catholic Church’s problems that the faithful are by nature pedophiliac?)
Arguably, Brezler should have chosen a different way to detail his concerns about Sarwar Jan. But it was the failure to act on his information that threatened U.S. national security, not his transmission of it. With the combination of insight and initiative he demonstrated, Brezler should be training Marines, not being drummed out of the Corps. His reflex was one that, if replicated, would have led to very different outcomes in our wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Brezler’s insight remains crucial to the U.S. fight against violent extremism. Who we empower in that fight and how our local allies treat the population may determine its outcome. That the insists on punishing Brezler demonstrates that its leadership has not yet learned the lesson.
—Sarah Chayes is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Her latest book is “Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens Global Security.” She wrote this for the Los Angeles Times.
We really tried to get those ass holes out of there! Higher up wouldnt have it. For whatever reason , they wanted said assholes close.
Wow. Where is the Marine senior leadership today? When doing the right things for the right reasons is punished instead of praised and DOD decides to go after its own for saving lives we are surely on a self destructing path. Actions such as this encourage the military to not speak up when wrong doings occur and allow for preventable loss of life. (Which will not be held accountable).
When the notion that the bodies and minds of children are worth protecting both at home and in war zones…sinks into our leadership the better this country will be…How can we expect to have influence over ANYONE unless the rights of children and their protectors are upheld by our own government… Shame on ANYONE standing in the way of this soldier as he does the right thing. SHAME!
He was trying to help his country not sell it out to foreign nations. Clinton went unpunished with having her own server, which is against the rules but she also sent classified emails to many people that did not have security high enough to even be around them less read them . But she did and now is running for president. The moral of the story it seems is how much can you destroy America instead of protecting her and her people. This man should not even have been arrested let along have to go through a trial. Let me be one of the jurors please!
This is pure bs ,the rich get special treatment !
I was in Army Military Intelligence with a Top Secret security clearance. There is NO doubt that Vile Hillary, if any other person, would be facing lots of charges.
It shouldn’t be “classified information” that a government official is a corrupt criminal. They are taking taxpayer money – they have no right to secrecy if they are harming the public interest.
The real criminal is the person who marked this information “classified” to begin with – it is actually illegal to classify information that shouldn’t be classified, especially if it benefits someone’s criminal activities.
This obsession with secrecy is correlated with a reduction of democracy and rule of law.
I often feel like there’s the Hillary standard and then there’s the standard for everybody else.
Regular Army 69-72. This is a disgrace. Our troops have to fight the damn enemy some times you wonder who they are. This guy was trying to save US Marine lives and they are persecuting him. What is wrong with this country?
His charges are not limited to sending classified information over an unclassified network – he had classified information on his laptop that he brought back from his deployment with plans to use the information to write a book. Don’t be such sheep as to believe everything you read without questioning it. Do you really believe he would be in court for sending a single email? If so, you should sleep with your tin hat on your head.
Would like to know how things have worked out if the trail is over
The people don’t have control because they are COWARDS they are not brave like they pretend when they sing that song at sports events. Brave people would never allow their “Limited” fed govt shove whatever it wants whenever it wants down their throats.
Brave people do not tremble in fear of every 3-initial agency designed by the fed govt to “Eat out their substance”
Brave people do their DUTY:
ABOLISH THE GOVERNMENT IT IS THEIR RIGHT THEIR “DUTY”
Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, ……………………But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security
Are you saying hilary didn’t since all those emails were in server in barn laptop and blackberry