MCRMC 101, The Future of the All-Volunteer Force
Isn’t there a social contract, even though it’s not in writing; your kids, your sons, your daughters, individuals will not have to be drafted because others will come forward and do the job voluntarily? Isn’t that the deal?
~Senator Lindsey Graham (R-SC), 28 January 2014
Senator Graham’s question is about to be pondered in a way that has not happened since the draft ended 42 years ago. This will be a game changing debate.
The Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission (MCRMC) is set to release its findings Thursday, January 29, 2015. Our nation will have to grapple with the commission’s conclusions and the implications to our All-Volunteer Force (AVF).
What is the MCRMC and Why Does It Matter?
The MCRMC was mandated by the 2013 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA). The MCRMC is overseen by nine commissioners that directed a staff to look at what type of military pay and compensation package would ensure the feasibility of an AVF, now and in the future.
Five Things to Consider when the MCRMC Report is Released
- The commission took a holistic look at the entire military pay and benefits package, to include veterans’ benefits. (Review the MCRMC interim report for a fuller understanding of the scope).
- Retirement pay of currently serving and retired members is “grandfathered” in, but nothing else is (including active duty pay, bonuses, healthcare, commissary, etc.).
- The commission worked independently. They do not answer to the President, the Department of Defense (DoD) or the Congress, other than to submit a final report.
- Its recommendations are only that, recommendations. Any final changes are the responsibility of the legislative process.
- You can make a difference by contacting your elected representatives. Let them know TODAY that you will be watching intently as this process unfolds. Tell them “getting this right matters to my family and the future of the AVF.”*
*A note to those not connected to the military community; we need your support. Don’t make the mistake thinking this won’t impact you or your family. Think about Senator Graham’s quote and what your son or grandson (or possibly daughters) would like to do in the future. Our service members and veterans are exceptionally proud of their service, but it certainly isn’t for everyone.
How the MCRMC Came to Its Conclusions
Over the past year and a half, the MCRMC commissioners and staff have met with and surveyed tens of thousands of service members, retirees, veterans and groups that represent them, in order to better understand what it is that makes the all-volunteer force tick.
The MCRMC wanted to hear from the entirety of our community; the E-4 with two kids stationed at Ft. Hood as much as the single O-6 inside the beltway, Reservists and Guardsman as well as active duty, retirees and veterans. They spent considerable time at dozens of bases and met with many military family members and groups that represent all of the above[i].
While I am certain many think this was simply a cost cutting exercise, the MCRMC goals[ii] and comments to date don’t support that contention. As reported last November, MCRMC Commissioner (and former Representative) Steve Buyer said,
We’re going to work on what’s important to properly recruit and retain and resource the force necessary for the war after next. I have told leadership at the Pentagon that their present budget issue is not my problem. Don’t look to me (as a commissioner) to solve your present budget problem. If you’ve got issues with sequester, then you deal with that with the Congress. That’s not my job.
- We, as a group of service members, veterans, and their families, had more input into the findings of this commission than probably any in the history of the armed forces.
- To put it bluntly, this commission wasn’t accomplished by a Pentagon minion who received tens of thousands of dollars to ensure a certain set of findings.
As soon as the report is released, please take the necessary time to review it and let others in your unit know that it is available. I suspect there will be specific parts of the MCRMC’s findings that are positives and some that are negatives for my family. We are all likely to have similar experiences.
Try to put their findings in context. The commission’s job was to look at what TOTAL package of pay and benefits is most likely to enable us to continue having an all-volunteer fighting force for the foreseeable future. Whether you or I like or dislike any particular pay or benefit change isn’t the point.
How You Can Take Action for Change
So, what’s next? You need to take action today, after you read this piece. Contacting the Congress prior to the report coming out; telling them you intend to watch every hearing, every speech, and every vote they take on this issue will make an impression. Make sure they understand you will hold them accountable in 2016 if they fail to listen to you. You’ll need to do it again once you’ve digested the report. Even if you don’t have time to absorb what I suspect will be a lengthy report, take the time to read other’s analysis.
The House and Senate Armed Services Committees (HASC and SASC) are where these issues are going to be heard first and foremost, to include, I suspect, multiple hearings on this topic (some as early as next week). To reach members of the HASC and SASC, we’ve put together a list of Twitter handles and direct emails to the primary POC in each office on military related issues (usually the military legislative assistant). If your Representative or Senators aren’t on either committee, use this link to contact any member of Congress.
If the Congress thinks we aren’t watching or that we don’t care, DoD’s voice, supplemented by the rest of the military-industrial complex, is liable to be the loudest in the room. Tell your Representative and Senators your story and help them understand your opinion on the MCRMC’s findings. They represent you… make them do their job.
I realize there will be plenty of naysayers about this commission’s conclusions. But, stop and think about what you’ve heard the past 4 or so years from DoD leadership regarding military personnel and their pay and benefits:
“military health care costs are eating us alive”
“we have to slow the growth in pay”
“I truly believe it will raise discipline. And it will raise it because you’ll have better spending habits. You won’t be so wasteful.”
And this is from people who are supposed to have our backs?
DC think tanks and inside-the-beltway journalist say it more plainly:
“lavish” and “booming” benefits
“Military retirement is unfair and unaffordable”
It’s almost as if DoD Public Affairs is coordinating their message within the Pentagon, these think-tanks (many who receive money from DoD) and journalists.
Retired Admiral John Harvey said this towards the end of 2013,
We are sending the force that is serving today, the one that fought two wars in the last decade, and the force we are depending upon to re-enlist tomorrow the wrong signal. We’re telling them they just cost us too much, that they constitute a “ticking time-bomb,” and that they’re “eating us alive.”
We are telling them that we are looking for a way out of fulfilling our commitments to them. Is this how you characterize those who volunteered to serve in time of war? … The current nature of the debate over the current and future cost of the All-Volunteer Force is inadequate for the magnitude of the issues at stake.
We must make some fundamentally different choices on how we frame these issues and make our decisions. We must focus on the required level of investments in the human capital needed to sustain the force we have chosen send in harm’s way and fight for us. [The entire piece and a follow-up piece are worthy of your time]
I am of the opinion that the MCRMC process met Admiral Harvey’s recommendation for reframing this issue more appropriately than we’ve seen coming from the Pentagon these past four years. Once the MCRMC recommendations are published, we must continue this dialogue on Capitol Hill, focusing on what’s required to maintain a robust AVF.
Just as important as listening to the Admiral’s recommendation on framing the issue is some sort of end game for this discussion. Recently, former Army Chief of Staff, General Gordon Sullivan, said, “Soldiers and their families are being worn down by constant discussion about cutting pay and benefits, to the point where the conversation might be more damaging than the outcome.”
He is exactly correct. Are the MCRMC recommendations a perfect solution? No; but perfection isn’t attainable. The MCRMC’s recommendations may be the most reasonable offer we are likely to hear and one that I am hopeful imposes a certain amount of finality on the topic. We as a nation either are willing to provide the funds to sustain the All-Volunteer Force or we aren’t. If we aren’t, then a different discussion needs to take place and we better make sure our Selective Service System is ready to go.
Make no mistake about it; reforms are coming to the compensation package of our military force. What that package looks like depends in large part on what choice you make next. I think there are two primary choices: You can seriously consider this independent commission’s goals and provide feedback on their conclusions to your elected representatives, or you can do nothing and watch as DoD continues to “nickel and dime our people to death” for the foreseeable future. Either way, you have to decide what action you will take. In the end, many of us may differ on what the final military pay and benefits package should look like…what I want more than agreement is your involvement. Sitting this one out isn’t in yours or our nation’s best interest.
Click here to fill out an easy form and contact your Congress today!
About the Author: Jeremy Hilton is a Navy veteran, Air Force spouse, author, and advocate. He helped repeal the COLA cuts in the 2013 BCA as a #KeepYourPromise cofounder and is currently working to reform military pediatric healthcare as a “TRICARE for Kids” Champion. Jeremy has written for Time, Huffington Post, Military Spouse magazine, USAA, and Exceptional Parent magazine.
*[i]MCRMC Outreach: Full list of bases visited, government agencies consulted, and organizations representing military and veteran families can be found in Appendix B (starting on page 339) of the MCRMC Interim Report: http://www.mcrmc.gov/index.php/reports
[ii]MCRMC Goals (source: http://www.mcrmc.gov/index.php/about):
1.ensure the long-term viability of the All-Volunteer Force by sustaining the required human resources of that force during all levels of conflict and economic conditions;
2.enable the quality of life for members of the Armed Forces and the other uniformed services and their families in a manner that fosters successful recruitment, retention, and careers for members of the Armed Forces and the other uniformed services; and
3.modernize and achieve fiscal sustainability for the compensation and retirement systems for the Armed Forces and the other uniformed services for the 21st century.
The link to contact the service committees isn’t working. When you click on send nothing happens.
If you scroll down to the bottom, you’ll see a new link pop up that says if it has been sent successfully.
There’s one ominous problem with this report which means it’s recommendations will not be working potentially with all of the facts as far as recruiting and the future readiness of the force. There are a number of reasons why people join and then subsequently stay in the military. Chief among those are educational benefits and health care. If Obama’s program for universal free community college is implemented, will the report’s findings on our ability to maintain an all volunteer force still be based on accurate data? Did the report consider how the ACA and subsidized health insurance might impact recruiting and retention? If they evaluated what kind of impact pay or pension reform may have on an all volunteer force without first factoring in how those programs would affect retention, then the findings of the report must be considered faulty. The benefits of volunteering for the military are no longer benefits when civilians who do not volunteer are afforded the same benefits.
I think those are great points Josh that I don’t know the answer to, but can tell you these folks talked to so many different groups (see Appendix B of Interim report). Either way, I do think that’s a very fair point to make to the Congress.
Thanks for this. This is a great resource. I’ve linked to it on my FB. And I’ve sent an email to all Armed Services Committee members in both houses.
Maybe I am alone in this, but as a vet, I cannot wait for our government to shut down the PX and commissaries and start giving our men and women in uniform annual pay DECREASES and cutting the VA and Tricare and retirements and the like. Similar to how our government salivates at the prospect of the notion of taxing online sellers in all 50 states they ship, our government wants to be fed more themselves as a present for the difficult work they do in sending people to war and creating sequestration, among other things.
Why can I not wait for all this to be enacted? Because I can’t wait to see all the enlisted and junior officers begin to slowly leave our all-volunteer force as soon as they legally can, and for recruitment numbers to steadily decline because they know that they can’t even rely on a payday each 1st and 15th anymore, because our wonderful elected officials need the money more than the guy/gal with boots on the ground.
You see, soon thereafter, our elected officials (from the President on down) won’t have toy soldiers anymore to play with when they decide that they are bored and need to start another war to liven things up. Then, with no more toy soldiers to fight their wars with, they might have to actually either stop deciding that war is a fun thing for a politician to do when they are bored or decide that maybe they should pay the military, since even the bagger at your local grocery store is paid.
I don’t think sending letters will do anything, since it’s been made clear that anything submitted is only a recommendation, and has no bearing on what our impressive elected officials will do, because you are just not important. What is important is curing political boredom, and the way to cure political boredom is to start a war with someone. I would love to see military pay=$0, and no benefits at all, unless the servicemember pays out of pocket for it at full cost. That way, we can de-establish our military, and then we can have our supremely intelligent politicians use the newly found money for their raises to discover a new way to fight all the wars they started when they were bored.
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