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As Iraqi forces advance toward Tikrit, threat of Islamic State group car bombs, mines loom

Tikrit Iraqi troops Mosul
In this image made from video, smoke rises from an explosion as Iraqi forces, Shiite militiamen and Sunni tribal fighters battle Islamic State militants for control of Tikrit, Iraq, Tuesday, March 3, 2015. Backed by Shiite militias and Sunni tribal fighters as well as Iranian advisers, the government forces made little progress on the second day of a large-scale military operation to recapture Tikrit, which fell to the Islamic State group last summer, two local officials said. (AP Photo via AP video)

BAGHDAD (AP) — Iraqi troops and Shiite militias battled the Islamic State group Tuesday south of the militant-held city of Tikrit, though roadside bombs and suicide attacks slowed their advance on Saddam Hussein’s hometown.

The battle for Tikrit, a strategic city along the Tigris River, likely will be won or lost on allied Iraqi forces’ ability to counter the extremists’ bombs. Such explosives were a mainstay of al-Qaida in Iraq, the Islamic State group’s predecessor, as it fought American forces following their 2003 invasion of the country.

“Tikrit has been besieged from three directions, from the north, west and south, but what has remained only from the eastern side,” said Brig. Gen. Saad Maan Ibrahim, an Interior Ministry spokesman. “The explosive experts were able to tackle so many bombs and car bombs.” 

Ibrahim offered no specifics, though previous reports suggest extremists of the Islamic State group, which holds both a third of Iraq and neighboring Syria in its self-declared caliphate, have littered major roadways and routes with mines. Such mines allow the extremists to slow any ground advance and require painstaking clearing operations before troops can safely move through.

Suicide bombings also aid the militants in weakening Iraqi forces and have been used extensively in its failed campaign for the Syrian border town of Kobani. Already, a militant website affiliated with the Islamic State group has said an American jihadi carried out a suicide attack on with truck bomb on the outskirts of nearby Samarra targeting Iraqi forces and Shiite militiamen, identifying him by the nom de guerre of Abu Dawoud al-Amriki without elaborating.

On Tuesday afternoon, a suicide bomber drove a military vehicle into a checkpoint manned by government forces and Shiite fighters south of Tikrit, killing four troops and wounding 12, a police officer and medical official said.

Tuesday marked the second day of the Iraqi advance on Tikrit, with its soldiers supported by Iranian-backed Shiite militias and advisers, along with some Sunni tribal fighters who reject the Islamic State group. Already, Iran’s semi-official Fars news agency has reported that Iranian Gen. Ghasem Soleimani, the commander of the country’s elite Revolutionary Guard’s Quds Force, was taking part in the offensive.

Government forces, however, made little headway Tuesday, two local officials said. They said fierce clashes struck mainly outside the town of al-Dour, south of Tikrit, while government troops shelled militant bases inside the city. All officials spoke anonymously as they were not authorized to brief journalists.

Past attempts to retake Tikrit have failed, as Iraq struggles with its armed forces, which collapsed last summer. The military operation is seen as a litmus test for the capability of Iraqi troops to dislodge the militants from major cities they conquered in the country’s Sunni heartland.

Tikrit, the provincial capital of Salahuddin province, is located 80 miles (130 kilometers) north of Baghdad. It was taken by the Islamic State group along with the country’s second-largest city, Mosul, during the militants’ lightning advance last year across the north. Retaking Tikrit will help Iraqi forces secure a major supply link for any future operation to seize Mosul.

U.S. military officials have said a coordinated military mission to retake Mosul will likely begin in April or May and involve up to 25,000 Iraqi troops. But the Americans have cautioned that if the Iraqis aren’t ready, the offensive could be delayed. On Monday, Iraqi and U.S. officials said the U.S.-led coalition was not involved in the Tikrit operation and had not been asked to carry out airstrikes.

By SINAN SALAHEDDIN, Associated Press

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